Difference between revisions of "Anton Scheidt"

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(Kraków-Plaszów concentration camp)
 
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=== Mannschaftszüge ===
 
=== Mannschaftszüge ===
In the quarries Polish women of non-Jewish faith worked exclusively during the day and women of Jewish faith at night in 12-hour shifts. ''Mannschaftszüge'' (team trains) was the word therefor, that each of the 35 women had to pull 12 to 15 times carts, on which was charged up to 9000 KG of heavy rocks, up a steep mountain.
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In the quarries Polish women of non-Jewish faith worked exclusively during the day and women of Jewish faith at night in 12-hour shifts. ''Mannschaftszüge'' (crew trains<ref>https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Szebnie_concentration_camp</ref>) was the word therefore, that each of the 35 women had to pull 12 to 15 times carts, on which was charged up to 9000 KG of heavy rocks, up a steep mountain.
  
 
It happened that Göth indiscriminately shot into such a team move:
 
It happened that Göth indiscriminately shot into such a team move:

Latest revision as of 16:59, 24 November 2017

Anton "Teddy" Scheidt (* October 12th, 1898[1] in Rhineland area[2] or Paderborn[3], † January 10th, 1946 in Moosburg[3]) was a German bricklayer[4]. He was appointed on April 20th, 1936[1] to SS-Untersturmführer[5]. He was during World War II camp commandant in the Plaszów concentration camp, from late April to mid-June 1943 in the Szebnie concentration camp[6][7], and from autumn 1943 in a camp in Bovec[8]. He was a member of the NSDAP (membership number 186 872[1]).

Munsterlager[edit]

In the early 1930s, the Munsterlager is headed by a journeyman blacksmith named Anton Scheidt.

Teddy Scheidt: Leader of SS in Ibbenbüren[edit]

A man in Ibbenbüren only called Teddy Scheidt founded with the tax official Otto Ehlers the SS and was their leader. He participated in the pogrom in Hopsten and decided to burn out the synagogue in Ibbenbüren[9].

Kraków-Plaszów concentration camp[edit]

200px|thumb|right|Jewish women at forced labour at Plaszów
In December 1942, the SS had in the Kraków district Plaszow (Polish: Płaszów) one of several hundred forced labor camps in occupied Poland. In Plaszow Jews were initially imprisoned, later non-Jewish Poles and some Roma. From January 1944, about a year before the dissolution of the camp, Plaszow was run as an independent concentration camp.[10]

Within the concentration camp Plaszów Anton Scheidt, whose supervisor here as well as later in Szebnie Amin Göth, operated an enterprise for execution of road works and quarrying use, although he had little idea of it and often made wrong decisions. For such wrong decisions, however, it was not he, but the Jewish engineer Zygmunt Grünberg punished by Göth.

In Schindler's Ark by Thomas Keneally, Anton Scheidt is portrayed as Scheidt[11].

Murder of Alexander Spanlang[edit]

Alexander Spanlang was

the Jewish specialist manager of the carpentry and joiner's workshop. Already undressed, standing on the shooting hill, he told the SS Untersturmfuhrer Anton Scheidt that he had hidden some riding horses and a large number of wall-flows near Cracow. Göth Spanlang then let live until they were able to drive to the farmer. Only then was the name Spanlangs, probably put by Göth's partner Ruth Kalder as the last name on the list. "Probably Göth wanted to ensure by this precaution that Mietek Pemper did not warn Spanlang yet and he then did not reveal the hiding place of his riches."[12]

After picking up the riding horses and the wall tiles the next day, Anton Scheidt shot Alexander Spanlang[12].

Szebnie concentration camp[edit]

With Göth Scheidt stayed from March til May in 1943[13] in the concentration camp Szebnie. He's seen there as the inventor of [14] der Mannschaftszüge[15].

Mannschaftszüge[edit]

In the quarries Polish women of non-Jewish faith worked exclusively during the day and women of Jewish faith at night in 12-hour shifts. Mannschaftszüge (crew trains[16]) was the word therefore, that each of the 35 women had to pull 12 to 15 times carts, on which was charged up to 9000 KG of heavy rocks, up a steep mountain.

It happened that Göth indiscriminately shot into such a team move:

some women fall hit beside the rails to the ground, without looking up and without stopping, the others move their wagons on. [...] The workers drag themselves to the barracks, sink onto their bunk beds, the bread under the rags, which they use as head cushions. Only a little later they are roused again from sleep - compete for the penalty appeal! For hours it is meaningless standing in the cold, feet begin to swell up, whoever sits down is mercilessly beaten by the Kapos. Then finally they are allowed to return to the barracks, fall into a leaden sleep. [...] Rachel and the other women in the 'team train' are physically and mentally at the end of their strength. There are moments when [...] they no longer understand what they say to them; Words do not reach them any more, they slip away from them, they no longer grasp clear thoughts; only the desire, an instinct dominates them: the hunger. Even fear of death they feel only when the mouth of the gun is aimed directly at them. They have become automatons, tools to get up, work, compete in the roll call place and be 'selected'; always hungry and obeying the orders of tormentors.[17]

Orgies in the Szebnie castle[edit]

In the castle Szebnie binge drinking by Nazi minions took place during World War II. In such cases, Anton Scheidt 'forces some young Jewish women to undress naked, then he chases them with the whip around the tables.[18]

This can also be read in the book of Johannes Sachslehner[19]:

So as the 45-year-old inmate Edward Elsner, the deputy of the camp elder, later reports on the drinking bouts of the SS leaders in the castle of Szebnie, SS-Hauptscharführer Josef Grzimek always lets the camp orchestra play; several times Göth and Scherner allegedly travel unofficially to these happy "festivals". The hosts do not spare spectacular "program points": Thus, SS Untersturmführer Anton Scheidt, the first commander of the camp, a follower Göths from Płaszów, orders some young Jewish women to strip and then chases them with the whip to the tables. Scheidt is also the one who has the idea of getting the prettiest Jewess out of the camp and then forcing them to have intercourse in front of everyone - a project that is prevented by his rival in the camp, SS-Oberscharführer Anton Pospiech.

Death[edit]

Hermann Dillhoff stated on November 29, 1949 in a survey to the police, that Scheidt was taken after the war by Englishmen into a camp where he died[20]. This was the internment camp Moosburg, in which Scheidt died on January 10, 1946 to intestinal obstruction after intestinal catarrh. Er wurde in einem Reihengrab beerdigt.[3]

Quotes on Anton Scheidt[edit]

Zitat from Jacov Joshua Herzig's The Wrecked Life: The War Story of a Physician[21]:

Scheidt and Grzimek are beasts in human bodies," he said; and after a moment added, "But actually which of our local German torturers isn't?

Josef Grzimek was also camp commandant in Szebnie[6].

Literature[edit]

  • Horst Mikasch, Neuenkirchen 1930-1945: Geschehnisse unter dem Einfluss nationalsozialistischer Politik, Selbstverlag der Gemeinde Neuenkirchen, 1988, p. 22
  • Witnesses on Anton Scheidt

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 http://www.dws-xip.pl/reich/biografie/numery/numer64.html
  2. Johannes Sachslehner, Der Tod ist ein Meister aus Wien; Wien-Graz-Klagenfurt 2008, p. 251; as paperback Der Henker: Leben und Taten des Amon Leopold Göth
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 http://www.bauerka.de/stalag/fenster/12-05-0028.htm
  4. Ben A. Soifer, Between Life and Death: History of Jewish Life in Wartime Poland 1939-1944, Janus Publishing Company, 1995, p. 102
  5. Mieczysław Pemper, Viktoria Hertling, Marie Elisabeth Müller, Der rettende Weg: Schindlers Liste, die wahre Geschichte, Hoffmann und Campe, 2005, p. 169
  6. 6.0 6.1 Dieter Pohl, Die großen Zwangsarbeitslager der SS- und Polizeiführer für Juden im Generalgouvernement 1942-1945 in: Herbert, Ulrich, Katrin Orth, Christoph Diekmann (Hrsg.), Die nationalsozialistischen Konzentrationslager. Entwicklung und Struktur, Band I, Wallstein, 1998, p. 420
  7. http://www.tenhumbergreinhard.de/1933-1945-lager-1/1933-1945-lager-s/szebnie.html
  8. Goriški letnik: zbornik Goriškega muzeja, Muzej, 1975, p. 211
  9. Dirk Stegmann, Politische Radikalisierung in der Provinz: Lageberichte und Stärkemeldungen der Politischen Polizei und der Regierungspräsidenten für Osthannover 1922-1933, Band 35, Teil 16, p. 376
  10. http://www.memorialmuseums.org/denkmaeler/view/81/Denkmal-f%C3%BCr-die-Opfer-des-Konzentrationslagers-Plaszow
  11. Thomas Keneally: Schindler's Ark, Hodder and Stoughton, 1982;
  12. 12.0 12.1 http://www.mietek-pemper.de/wiki/Plaszow_als_Zwangsarbeiterlager
  13. Stanisław Cynarski, Józef Garbacik, Jaslo oskarża: Zbrodnie hitlerowskie w regionie jasielskim, 1939-1945, Książka i Wiedza, 1973
  14. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Szebnie_concentration_camp
  15. David Crowe, Oskar Schindler: The Untold Account of His Life, Wartime Activities, and the True Story Behind the List, Basic Books, p. 354
  16. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Szebnie_concentration_camp
  17. Johannes Sachslehner, Der Tod ist ein Meister aus Wien; Wien-Graz-Klagenfurt 2008, p. 283; auch als Taschenbuch Der Henker: Leben und Taten des Amon Leopold Göth
  18. http://www.mietek-pemper.de/wiki/Kapitel_9_-_Unberechenbarkeit_G%C3%B6ths
  19. Johannes Sachslehner, Der Tod ist ein Meister aus Wien: Leben und Taten des Amon Leopold Göth, Styria, p. 163; as paperback Der Henker: Leben und Taten des Amon Leopold Göth
  20. Lars Boesenberg, Jürgen Düttmann, Norbert Ortgies, Machtsicherung, Ausgrenzung, Verfolgung: Nationalsozialismus und Judenverfolgung in Ibbenbüren, mit einem Beitrag von Marlene Klatt und Rita Schlautmann-Overmeyer, Historischer Verein Ibbenbüren, p. 89
  21. Jacov Joshua Herzig, The Wrecked Life: The War Story of a Physician, Vantage Press, 1963, p. 49